1. Antoine – Laurent De Lavoisier
He was a French chemist and nobleman who was the interior of 18th chemical revolution. He made a great impact on Chemistry and Biology. He is extensively considered as the ‘Father of modern chemistry ‘.
He was born in Paris, France on 26th August 1743. He studied in France and discovered a lot of things such as combustion, The method of identity oxygen and hydrogen, stoichiometry. He married ‘Marie-Anne Paulze Lavoisier’ (m. 1771-1794) He died in 1774 in Paris on 8th May.
2. Marie Sklodowska Curie
Marie Curie was the French Physician and Chemist who was born at Warsaw in Poland on 7th November 1867. She did research on Radioactivity. She discovered two important components which are Radium and Polonium. She is the first lady who got Noble prize for the first time and she got prizes on two different science sections. She got noble prizes for contributing to Physics and Chemistry. She got Davy Medal, Matteucci Madel. Her husband was Pierre Curie. They used to help each other in their work. That’s why both of them made a great contribution to science. Marie Curie died on 4th July in 1934 in Sancellemoz.
3. Louis Pasture
Louis Pasture was known as a French Biologist, Microbiologist, Chemist who was famous for his revelation of the principle of Vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization was born at Dole in France on 27th December 1822. He invented pasteurization which was named after by his name. He is still remembered for his outstanding invention in preventing disease for which many lives were saved. He got lots of award such as Copley medal, Albert medal, Rumford medal, Montyon Medal, Leeuwenhoek medal. He died in his motherland France on 28th September 1895.
4. John Dalton
John Dalton was an English Chemist, physicist, and meteorologist who was born in the United Kingdom on 6th September 1766. He introduced us to a new theory for which he is best known for that is Atomic theory in chemistry. He also studied about colour blindness which is sometimes called Daltonism by his esteem. He studied on Harris Manchester College, Oxford. He was awarded the Royal Medal for his work. He invented Atomic theory, Dalton’s Law, Law of multiple proportions and colour blindness. He died at Manchester in the United Kingdom on 27th July in 1844.
5. Michael Faraday
Michael Faraday was a British Scientist who was born in Newington Butts, London, the United Kingdom on 22nd September in 1791. He contributed to the study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. He married Sarah Barnard (m.1821-1867). He got a lot of awards such as Cooley medal, Royal medal, Albert medal, Rumford medal etc. He died on 25th August 1867 at Hampton Court Palace in the United Kingdom.
6. Alfred Barehand Noble
Alfred Barehand Noble was a Swedish chemist, Engineer, Inventor, Businessman and Philanthropist who was born in Sweden’s Stockholm on 21st October in 1833. He was the benefactor of Noble prize. This prize is named after by his name. He owned the Bofors which was redirected by him. He had changed the thought that an iron and steel produces a major manufacturing cannon and other armaments. He invented Dynamite for the welfare of the world. He died in Italy on 10th December 1896.
7. Linus Carl Pauling
Linus Carl Pauling was chemist, Biochemist, Peace Activists, Author was born in America. He published almost one thousand Two hundreds of paper and books which is full of almost Eight hundred fifty dealt forming of scientific methods. He married an American girl Ava Helen Pauling who was Human right activists. He died in 1994 on 19th August in California, United States.
8. Robert Boyle
Robert Boyle was an Anglo-Irish philosopher, chemist, physicist and an inventor who was born in the 17th century on 25th January 1627 at Lismore in Ireland. He studied in Eton college. He is considered the founder of modern chemistry. He is one of the pioneers of modern scientific methods. He invented Boyle’s Law which is very important for measuring the volume. He died on 31st December in 1691 in London, United Kingdom.
9.Rosalind Elsie Franklin
Rosalind Elsie Franklin was an English chemist and X-ray crystallographer who was born on 25th July 1920 in the United Kingdom. His father’s name was Ellis Arthur Franklin and mother’s name was Muriel Frances Waley. He had four siblings they were Roland Franklin, Jenifer Glynn, David Franklin, and Colin Franklin. Rosalind Elsie Franklin contributed to understanding the Molecular structure of DNA, RNA, Virus, Coal and graphite. He studied at Cambridge University In 1945. He made the structure of DNA, RNA, Virus that’s why he is known to all. He died on 16th April 1958 in London, United Kingdom.
10. George Washington Carver
George Washington Carver was an American scientist who works on agriculture and used to invent new things. He studied at Lowna State University from 1891 to 1896. He used to work for preventing soil depletion. When he was the professor of Tuskegee University he developed a method of how to improve soil depleted by repeated planting of cotton. He died on 5th January 1943 in Tuskegee, United States.