The synthesis, characteristics, and behavior of inorganic and organometallic compounds are described in inorganic chemistry. It is a branch of chemistry involved with substances that contain very little or no carbon.
Inorganic Chemistry Example:
Basically, the ionic compounds are good samples of inorganic compounds. An example of a simple inorganic compound would be sodium chloride, known more commonly as household salt. This compound contains only two atoms, Na(sodium) and chlorine (Cl).
• H2O– Water is a simple inorganic compound.
•CO2-carbonic acid gas, despite the presence of a carbon atom in the formula, is classified as associate degree compound.
This has caused a dispute among the scientific community, with questions being raised as to the validity of our current methods of classifying compounds. Currently, organic compounds contain carbon or an organic compound, which forms a stronger bond. The bond shaped by carbon in CO2 isn’t a powerful bond.
•NO2– gas presents a spread of colors at completely different temperatures. It is typically created in region nuclear tests and is responsible for the tell-tale red dush color displayed in mushroom clouds. It is extremely toxic and forms fairly weak bonds between the chemical element and oxygen atoms. A compound is often thought of as a compound that doesn’t contain a carbon-to-hydrogen bond. Inorganic compounds are those materials that unit of measurement made from rocks and minerals like ceramics, stone, metal, glass, etc. Due to ionic bonding generally found in inorganic compounds, they are held together very rigidly and possess extremely high melting and boiling points.
Another distinct property of inorganic compounds is their color due to the configuration of the ‘d-block’ electrons. Since many inorganic compounds contain some type of metal, they tend to be able to conduct electricity.
What is the difference between inorganic and organic chemistry?
- An inorganic compound contains ionic bond but organic compound contains covalent bond.
- Physical state at room temperature of an inorganic compound is solid but the organic compound is gas or liquid.
- Melting points tend to be high for inorganic compound but low for organic compound
- Inorganic compound mainly includes acid-base reaction, redox reaction, displacement reaction but organic compound includes a reaction that related to the functional group.
- Inorganic compound mainly deals with salt and crystal but organic compound deals with fats, oils, sugar etc.
How is inorganic chemistry used?
Inorganic compounds are mainly used as fuels, pigments, coatings, surfactants, medicines, crystal, and many more. As they have high melting points electrical conductivity properties, and solid physical state they are useful for many purposes.
Inorganic compounds have the ability to form crystals. The nature of the bonding found in inorganic compounds lends them to be ready to grow crystals in saturated solutions. As the classification, and nomenclature of chemical compounds developed over the centuries, therefore, they’re not continuously interconnected, and reflect the historical development of science. Scientific, scientific-technical and educational chemical of the publication is increasingly using International Nomenclature developed by the International Union of theoretical and sensible chemistry (IUPAC).In the technical literature, laboratory and planet practice is usually used haphazardly trivial names, for example, soda, caustic soda, copper sulfate, hydrochloric acid, oleum. Moreover, mineralogical names substances are necessary in some cases. An Inventory containing the banal names of certain substances, mixtures, alloys, and most common minerals is presented in the Appendix. In nature, all substances may be divided into individual (pure) chemical substances containing one-species particles and substance mixtures consist of heterogeneous parts. In turn, individual chemical substances are classified directly and complexly.